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Techniques to Manage Anxiety

Worry is a normal response to stress. It serves as a natural motivator, driving us to seek solutions to challenges and safeguard ourselves from unforeseen outcomes. But worry can also heighten stress causing muscle tension that makes you feel jumpy, irritable and apprehensive. Learning techniques to manage your anxiety can help reduce its intensity and promote overall well-being.

Here are some techniques you can try:

  1. Deep Breathing: Deep breathing techniques, such as diaphragmatic breathing or belly breathing, activate the body’s relaxation response. By taking slow, deep breaths, you increase the supply of oxygen to your brain and body, which helps to calm your nervous system and reduce anxiety.
  2. The 4-7-8 breath method: This breathing technique involves breathing in through the nose for 4 seconds, holding the breath for 7 seconds and exhaling forcefully out the mouth, pursing the lips for 8 seconds. This can help you manage anxiety.  It is a form of pranayama that can relax you and even help you fall asleep. Repeat the cycle for 4 times.
  3. Progressive Muscle Relaxation: Progressive muscle relaxation involves systematically tensing and then relaxing different muscle groups in your body. This technique helps you become aware of the sensations of tension and relaxation, and it can effectively reduce overall muscle tension and promote a sense of relaxation.
  4. Mindfulness and Meditation: Mindfulness involves being fully present in the moment, observing your thoughts and sensations without judgment. Meditation practices, such as focused attention or loving-kindness meditation, can cultivate mindfulness and help you develop a more peaceful and accepting relationship with your thoughts and emotions.
  5. Physical Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity has been shown to have numerous benefits for mental health, including reducing anxiety. Exercise increases the production of endorphins, which are natural chemicals in the body that act as mood enhancers. It also provides a distraction from anxious thoughts and helps to improve sleep. Yoga can help to ease anxiety.
  6. Healthy Lifestyle: Taking care of your physical well-being can have a significant impact on your anxiety levels. Getting enough sleep is crucial, as sleep deprivation can worsen anxiety symptoms. Eating a balanced diet that includes nutritious foods supports overall well-being. Quit smoking. Limiting caffeine and alcohol intake is important because they can trigger or exacerbate anxiety symptoms. Avoiding recreational drugs is also recommended, as they can have negative effects on mental health.
  7. Gratitude practice: Gratitude practice involves consciously focusing on and appreciating the positive aspects of your life, both big and small. It typically involves regularly reflecting on and expressing gratitude for the things you have, the experiences you’ve had, and the people who support and enrich your life. This counteracts negative emotions associated with anxiety. Incorporating gratitude practice into your daily routine can be as simple as taking a few minutes each day to reflect on and write down things you are grateful for.
  8. Journaling: Keeping a personal journal can help you identify your stressors, triggers that increase your anxiety and what things help you feel better.
  9. Social Support: Seeking support from others is essential in managing anxiety. Talking to trusted friends, family members, or support groups can provide validation, comfort, and a sense of belonging. Sharing your feelings and experiences with people who understand can help you feel less alone and provide new perspectives on managing anxiety.
  10. Time Management: Properly managing your time can reduce stress and prevent feelings of overwhelm. Prioritizing tasks based on importance and deadlines can help you focus your energy effectively.
  11. Relaxation Techniques: Engaging in relaxation techniques can help you reduce anxiety and promote a sense of calm. Guided imagery involves visualizing peaceful and calming scenes to shift your focus away from anxiety-provoking thoughts. Listening to calming music or engaging in activities such as taking warm baths or practicing hobbies like painting or gardening can also promote relaxation.

When anxiety persists or significantly interferes with your daily life, contact Greenwich Village Psychiatry. Your doctor at Greenwich Village Psychiatry will work with you collaboratively to find effective therapeutic strategies to help reduce your anxiety and learn ways to navigate life’s challenges to achieve personal success and fulfillment.

At a Glance

Dr. Paul Poulakos

  • Attending Psychiatrist at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center
  • Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
  • Past Clinical Assistant Professor of NYU Langone Medical Center
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