Types of Depression
Unfortunately, depression is a common condition that affects people of all ages. It is estimated that about 1 in 20 people in the United States will experience depression at some point in their lives. Depression can range in severity from mild to severe, and it can have a wide range of symptoms, including feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in activities that you usually enjoy.
Types of depression
There are several different types of depression. Some of the more common types include:
- Major depressive disorder: This is the most severe form of depression, and it is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in activities that you usually enjoy.
- Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia): This is a less severe form of depression that involves long-term (chronic) symptoms of low mood, low self-esteem, and a lack of motivation.
- Bipolar disorder: This is a condition that involves periods of both depression and mania (abnormally elevated or irritable mood). Learn more about bipolar disorder [link to ‘Biopolar Disorder’].
- Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): This form of depression is characterized by symptoms that occur during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight.
- Psychotic depression: This is a severe form of depression that is accompanied by psychosis, which is a loss of contact with reality.
- Postpartum depression: This is a form of depression that can occur in women after giving birth.
It is important to note that these are just a few examples of the different types of depression, and there are many other types as well. If you think you may be experiencing depression, it is important to speak with a mental health professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
When should you seek professional help?
If you’re struggling with depression, it is important to seek help as soon as possible. The sooner you receive treatment, the more effective it is likely to be. Many people with depression benefit from seeing a mental health professional, such as a therapist or counselor.
There are a few different signs that you may benefit from seeing a therapist for depression:
- If you are experiencing persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or a lack of interest in activities that you usually enjoy, it may be helpful to see a therapist.
- If your symptoms are interfering with your daily life, such as your ability to work, go to school, or engage in activities that you enjoy, it may be time to seek help from a therapist.
- If you are having thoughts of self-harm or suicide, it is important to seek help immediately.
- If you have tried self-help strategies, such as exercising and getting more sleep, but your symptoms persist, it may be helpful to see a therapist.
Schedule an appointment
When you or a loved one seeks assistance and support for OCD, contact Dr. Poulakos at his New York City office to schedule a consultation where you will learn about the ways he can help you manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life.
Dr. Poulakos offers evidence-based, individualized treatment using medication and psychotherapy, and state-of-the-art therapies. When people are directly involved in creating their own treatment plan including wellness goals and support services, they experience improved outcomes. He is a caring and compassionate doctor who will work with you to find solutions that meet your unique needs.
At a Glance
Dr. Paul Poulakos
- Attending Psychiatrist at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center
- Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
- Past Clinical Assistant Professor of NYU Langone Medical Center
- Learn more