Conditions Related to ADHD
There are several conditions that are closely related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Some of these conditions include:
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
This disorder is characterized by a pattern of disobedient, defiant, and hostile behavior toward authority figures. This can include arguing, defiance of rules, and deliberately annoying or annoying others. Children with ODD may also have a tendency to blame others for their mistakes, and may have a low tolerance for frustration.
ODD is more common in boys than girls and is typically diagnosed in children between the ages of 6 and 8 years old. It is often comorbid (occurring with) other conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD).
Conduct disorder (CD)
This disorder is characterized by a pattern of aggressive and destructive behavior toward people and property. Children with CD may engage in behaviors such as bullying, fighting, and disobedience, and may have a lack of remorse for their actions. They may also have difficulty following rules and may have problems with school and relationships.
CD is more common in boys than girls and is typically diagnosed in children between the ages of 9 and 11 years old. It is often comorbid (occurring with) other conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD).
Learning disorders are conditions that can affect a person’s ability to learn and process information. There are several types of learning disorders, including: dyslexia, dyscalculia, auditory processing disorder, visual processing disorder.
Autistic Spectrum Disorder
This disorder is characterized by difficulties with social interactions, communication, and may also include repetitive behaviors and sensory sensitivities.
ASD is a spectrum disorder, which means that it can range from mild to severe and can affect each person differently. Some people with ASD may have intellectual disabilities and need significant support in their daily lives, while others may have above-average intellectual abilities and only mild social impairments.
It is important to note that these conditions can occur independently or in combination with ADHD.
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At a Glance
Dr. Paul Poulakos
- Attending Psychiatrist at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center
- Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
- Past Clinical Assistant Professor of NYU Langone Medical Center
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